When a dentist decides that a tooth needs to be pulled, you can be certain that all other options have been considered first. Pulling a tooth is usually only done as a last resort when the tooth is deemed unsavable. Getting a tooth extractionis a surgical procedure.
When You Can Expect an Extraction
There are some situations that may make an extraction necessary. These do not always imply that teeth have gone bad. The situations may include:
- Teeth that are preventing new ones from coming in
- Getting braces may mean that teeth need to be removed to enable other teeth to move into that position
- Wisdom teeth may be causing problems
- Cancer patients may need teeth removed if they are in the field of radiation
- Gum disease has destroyed the jawbone and ligaments that hold it in place
- Cancer drugs may cause infected teeth
Prior to the actual extraction, the area around the tooth will be numbed. Depending on the individual and the type of extraction, sedatives may be given to relax the person (twilight dentistry), or general anesthesia may be given in some cases, such as for multiple extractions.
The dentist grabs the tooth by pliers in order to loosen it. After it is loose, the dentist simply takes it out.
This type of extraction is often used to remove wisdom teeth. The gums will be cut first in order for the dentist to be able to see the roots of the tooth. An x-ray will already have been taken so that the dentist knows what to expect.
Wisdom teeth may appear above the gums, which makes them easier to remove. On occasion, they can be completely encased in bone, which makes it much more difficult to remove. In those cases, the oral surgeon must break the bone and remove some of it to get access to the tooth.
On some occasions, pressure may be put on the nerve below the tooth, or it may have been punctured by the needle of the anesthesia. When this happens, there is apt to be some pain and loss of some sensation in the mouth and tongue, which usually goes away before long.
Replacing the Missing Tooth
Before a tooth extraction, the dentist may talk to you about tooth replacement options. This may include a bridge, dental implant, or a partial. Some of these may be able to be provided at the same time as the extraction.
After an extraction, the dentist will provide some instructions that should be followed carefully to provide a faster healing time. Failing to follow them may result in a dry socket which can be rather painful. Smoking should be completely avoided for about a week because it slows the healing process.
The dentists at Global Family Dental are able to perform all types of tooth extraction. Various types of sedation are also available, depending on the need and type of extraction. Call today for more information or to make an appointment.